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الاثنين، 8 أبريل 2013

Rights of People with Special Needs in Islam

الاثنين, أبريل 08, 2013

Rights of People with Special Needs in Islam

By: Dr. / Zaghloul El-Naggar

  According to the report of the International Labor Organization (ILO) of the year 2000, number of those who suffer disabilities either mentally or physically are estimated at more than 610 million persons; about 10 % of total number of world population. The report expects a wide increase of such percentage in the following years. This is due to a notable increase in percentage of environmental pollution, accumulation of weapons of mass destruction, recurrent wars, continuous price flare up, in addition to spread of poverty, backwardness concerning medical care, especially in the poor and underdeveloped countries.

  This means that tenth of people living on earth are people with special needs, who need special care and attention concerning upbringing and education. They are in dire need for special institutions to care for them. Such institutions could be easily found in the rich countries. Yet, they do rarely exist in other countries which are poor and underdeveloped.

  Actually, deformities do occur due to road accidents, can happen within the battle fields, at work or even at home. Deformities could also occur owing to several causes like excessive use of alcohol, drugs, medicaments, exposure to radiation, poison, medical faults during childbirth, premature labor, diseases that may afflict the fetus or the mother during pregnancy or might happen due to genetic causes. Most dangerous of all, is the deformation caused as a result of illegal sexual affairs.

  Disabilities can take many forms. They can be mental, sensual (audio or visual), physical; concerning health, psychological (in the form of behavioral, communicational disorders, retardation or in any other forms)      
  Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him once said:
 “ When Allah , Exalted be He, created Adam , He, the Almighty wiped  his back , so all people came out, and Allah presented them before Adam …, Adam saw among them the strong  ,the weak , the rich , the poor , the healthy and afflicted .    He said: O Allah! Why have not you made them equal? He, the Almighty said: “So that I would be praised for My favors.” (Narrated by Abu Yaaly in his Masnad 6377 (contains authentic Prophetic Sayings) In another version: “… then He presented them before Adam and He, the Almighty said:  “O Adam! this is your progeny , and among them were the mutilated, the leprous , the blind and other kinds of affliction , so Adam said : O Allah why have you done so with my progeny ?  Allah, Exalted be He said: “So that people would praise My favors.”
 Hence, Allah the Creator, the All- Wise and the All-Knowing, has predestined that the offspring of Adam should include the able-bodied, the handicapped, the healthy and the ill, those who have sound senses and those who have sense disabilities. In such way, the able-bodied would perceive health as a bounty and praise Allah, Exalted be He, for such bounty and on seeing those afflicted, they would sympathize with them, try to come close to Allah by taking good care of the disabled, being charitable and benevolent towards them, as they are the creation of Allah. “And people are the dependants of Allah and the most favored by Allah are the ones who frequently help His dependants.” (Hadith)
  Let's read what Prophet Muhammad , peace be upon him said concerning that : “ Whoever saw an afflicted person and said: Praise be to Allah who have protected me against what He has afflicted you with and have greatly honored me over many of his creation, he will be safeguarded against such affliction as long as he lives. (Mentioned by At-Termizi 343331 and Al Baghawi 1337)  In another version: “He will not Heahjtqgr.”  i.e. Allah will not make the handicapped person hear such invocation of the healthy one to save his pride and feelings from being injured.
  It was mentioned that Attaa Ibn Abi Rabah said: Ibn Abbass told me: “Would I show you a woman among people of Paradise? I said: Yes. He said: Such black woman came to Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him) and said I suffer epileptic fits and during such fits, the clothes over my body uncovers, so invoke Allah, Exalted be He , for me. The Prophet (pbuh) said: If you wants to keep patient, you will be rewarded by entering paradise but if you wish I can pray for you. The woman said: I will be patient, but my body uncovers?! So invoke Allah for me so that my body becomes not uncovered. So he (pbuh) invoked Allah.” (Narrated by Al Bukhari: 5652)
 Imams Ahmed (  13338:4)   At- Termizi ( 3578) and   Ibn Maja ( 1385 ) mentioned  on the authority of Othman Ibn Hanif that “ A blind man came to Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him) and said : Invoke Allah so that my eyes  will be cured. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “If you wish I will invoke Allah for you or else keep patient and it is better for you.” The blind man said: So invoke Him. So the Prophet (pbuh) taught the man few words to supplicate Allah by. So Allah cured his eyes.”
Firstly: Some of the Rights of People with Special Needs in Islam
(A)              The Right of Care and Qualification:
 Islam states that helping and taking good care of the handicapped and disabled is a collective duty incumbent upon the Muslim community; meaning that few people can act for the whole community in carrying out the duty. Hence, the community will not be guilty. However, if no one carried the collective duty, the whole community will be guilty. Concerning that point,  Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him) said : “ Whoever relieves the distress   of a believer , Allah will relieve his distress in the Hereafter, whoever eases the difficulty of one indebted , Allah will ease his life in this World and in the Hereafter and whoever conceals the faults of a Muslim brother (from being known to others), Allah will conceal his faults in this World and in the Hereafter and Allah is the helper of  the servant as long as the servant helps his Muslim brother…” 
1.     “ The Most loved ones by Allah , Exalted be He , are those who are the most helper to others,  and the good deed most loved by Allah is to bring happiness to a Muslim brother, relieve his distress , pay his debts or satisfy his hunger and I would love  accomplishing a task for a Muslim brother rather than entering into a month seclusion in the Mosque…”
“The Muslim is the brother of a Muslim, he does not oppress nor betray him and whoever seeks helping his Muslim brother, Allah will be in his help, whoever relieves distress of a Muslim, Allah will relieve his distress in the Day of Resurrection and whoever conceals faults of a Muslim (from being known to others), Allah will conceal his faults in the Hereafter.”  (Narrated by At-Termizi) 
2.     “Muslims are equal concerning their blood sanctity, the lowest of them can guarantee their protection and they act as one hand against their enemies. ( narrated by Imam Ahmed )   
3.     Muslims with each other are like the bricks of building neatly interwoven and attached to each other  ( narrated by Al Bukhari  )
4.     “Whoever does not show mercy to others, will not have mercy.”  ( narrated by Al Bukhari)
(B)              The Right of being respected:
    Believers should not deal with the handicapped and the disabled sarcastically, should not mock them or put them in low esteem. Allah Exalted be He says in the Holy Qur’an: “O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former. Nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former. Nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it to insult one’s brother after having Faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful believer) as: "O sinner" or "O wicked"]. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zâlimûn (wrong-doers, etc.). (Surat Al-Hujurat (The Dwellings):11)
   It was narrated that a group of people mocked Abdullah Ibn Massoud while ascending a tree for having very thin legs. On the authority of Um Moussa that she said I heard Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) saying: When Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) ordered Ibn Massoud to ascend a tree to bring him something, the Companions of the Prophet kept looking at Ibn Massoud‘s legs while he was ascending and laughed on seeing his legs to be very tiny and slim. Upon that, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:  “You laugh at him! Verily the legs of Abdullah are much more heavier in the scale of deeds of the Hereafter than the mount of Uhud (a very huge mountain)”. (Narrated by Ahmed)       
  (C) The Right of Intensive Care:
    The right of receiving Intensive care concerning the medical, psychological, educational, social, economical aspects … etc. providing the disabled with integral programs regardless of the degree of disability. Such Care is embodied in some services, full medical and non- medical programs. That which help the disabled develop their skills to great extents, while having accurate diagnoses for each case, separately.  That is what we call qualification. Such qualification is achieved inside special institutions, schools, centers for the handicapped or at governmental and non- governmental educational organizations.
(D) The Right of having slight religious duties determined according to the capacity of each case. Like canceling the duty of fighting in the cause of Allah, for the disabled. Concerning this issue, Allah, Exalted be He, says: “No blame or sin is there upon the blind, nor is there blame or sin upon the lame, nor is there blame or sin upon the sick (that they go not for fighting). And whosoever obeys Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad pbuh), He will admit him to Gardens beneath which rivers flow (Paradise); and whosoever turns back, He will punish him with a painful torment. (Surat Al –Fath (The Victory): 17)  
     Actually, believers used to feel shy on entering the houses of their relatives while having the handicapped with them. They sought being charitable and generous to the handicapped by accompanying them in their visits. So Allah revealed the following verse: Allah says: “There is no restriction on the blind, nor any restriction on the lame, nor any restriction on the sick, nor on yourselves, if you eat from your houses, or the houses of your fathers, or the houses of your mothers, or the houses of your brothers, or the houses of your sisters, or the houses of your father’s brothers, or the houses of your father’s sisters, or the houses of your mother’s brothers, or the houses of your mother’s sisters, or (from that) whereof you hold keys, or (from the house) of a friend. No sin on you whether you eat together or apart. But when you enter the houses, greet one another with a greeting from Allâh As-Salâmu ‘Alaikum - peace be on you) blessed and good. Thus Allâh makes clear the Ayât (these Verses or your religious symbols and signs) to you that you may understand. (Surat An-Nur (The Light): 61)
(E) The Right for a Humane and  Brotherly treatment:  Islam stipulates  that Allah , the Almighty is the Creator of  everything and that all human beings have the same father and mother i.e. Adam and Eve ( peace be upon them) as Allah , Exalted be He says:
 “Such is Allah, your Lord! None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Creator of all things. So worship Him alone, and He is the trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian over all things.
1.      “Say (O Muhammad pbuh): "Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth?" Say: "(It is) Allâh." Say: "Have you then taken (for worship) Auliyâ’ (protectors) other than Him, such as have no power either for benefit or for harm to themselves?" Say: "Is the blind equal to the one who sees? Or darkness equal to light? Or do they assign to Allâh partners who created the like of His creation, so that the creation (which they made and His creation) seemed alike to them?" Say: "Allâh is the Creator of all things; and He is the One, the Irresistible." (Surat Ar-Ra’d (The Thunder):16)
2.     “Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the Disposer of affairs, Guardian over all things.” ( Az-Zumar)
3.      “That is Allâh, your Lord, the Creator of all things: Lâ ilâha illâ Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). How then are you turning away (from Allâh, by worshipping others instead of Him)? (Surat Ghafir (The Forgiver):62)
4.      “O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife [Hawwâ (Eve)], and from them both He created many men and women; and fear Allâh through Whom you demand (your mutual rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship. Surely, Allâh is Ever an All-Watcher over you.” (Surat An-Nisâ' (The Women): 1)
5.     “It is He Who has created you from a single person (Adam), and has given you a place of residing (on the earth or in your mother’s wombs) and a place of storage [in the earth (in your graves) or in your father’s loins]. Indeed, We have explained in detail Our revelations (this Qur’ân) for people who understand." (Surat Al –An’am (The Cattale):98)
6.      “It is He Who has created you from a single person (Adam), and (then) He has created from him his wife [Hawwâ’ (Eve)], in order that he might enjoy the pleasure of living with her. When he (a polytheist from Adam’s offspring - as stated by Ibn Kathir in his Tafsir) had sexual relation with her (the polytheist’s wife), she became pregnant and she carried it about lightly. Then when it became heavy, they both invoked Allâh, their Lord (saying): "If You give us a Sâlih (good in every aspect) child, we shall indeed be among the grateful." (Surat Al-A’raf (The Heights):  189)
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) stressed on the above mentioned meaning in his Saying: “All of you have been created from Adam and Adam has been created from dust.” Also “…there is no human being who does already exist or will exist, till the Day of Judgment but encompassed in Allah’s knowledge”. (narrated in the Six Major collections of Hadith)
The handicapped right that healthy ones should endure him  as Allah, Exalted be He, has created both the healthy and the afflicted and that Allah, the Almighty has created everything and give it its due proportion.
1.      Allah says: “He to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Who has begotten no son (children or offspring) and for Whom there is no partner in the dominion. He has created everything, and has measured it exactly according to its due measurements.”( Surat Al-Furqan(The Criterion): 2) 
2.      “Allâh has created every moving (living) creature from water. Of them there are some that creep on their bellies, and some that walk on two legs, and some that walk on four. Allâh creates what He wills. Verily Allâh is Able to do all things.” (Surat  An-Nur (The Light): 45)
3.      “Allâh is He Who created you in (a state of) weakness, then gave you strength after weakness, then after strength gave (you) weakness and grey hair. He creates what He wills. And it is He Who is the All-Knowing, the All-Powerful (i.e. Able to do all things). (Surat Ar-Rûm (The Romans): 54) 
4.      “To Allâh belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He wills. He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He wills, and bestows male (offspring) upon whom He wills. Or He bestows both males and females, and He renders barren whom He wills. Verily, He is the All-Knower and is Able to do all things. (Surat Ash-Shura (The Consultation): 49-50)
5.      “Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the dominion; and He is Able to do all things." (Surat Al-Mulk (Dominion): 1)
6.      “There is no blame on the Prophet (pbuh) in that which Allâh has made legal for him. That has been Allâh’s Way with those who have passed away of (the Prophets of) old. And the Command of Allâh is a decree determined." (Surat Al-Ahzâb (The Confederates):38)
7.      “Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz).” (Surat  Al-Qamar (The Moon):49  )
   From the above, we can conclude that every single thing that occurs in the universe is preordained by Allah, it happens according to His will and according to a Divine Wisdom, even that which we consider afflictions like deformities, genetic diseases, accidents that cause disabilities, epidemic diseases, wars, violent winds, earthquakes, volcanoes and others.
All such afflictions send a clear message to mankind : that people should feel how great to enjoy good health which entails that they should be grateful to Allah, as being healthy and secure is a precious bounty from Allah towards His servants. A wise man should consider that health is the greatest of human blessings, and learn how by his own thought to derive benefit from his illnesses.  Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) once said: “Whoever lived secure in his place, healthy in his body, had his daily earnings, it is as if he possessed the whole world.”                           
(F) We should have a better understanding as regarding cases of affliction. Affliction from Allah could be one of three: a punishment to the disobedient and evil-doers, a trial for the righteous, a valuable lesson for the survivors. And people will not get benefits from afflictions unless they could perceive the wisdom behind it.
Concerning the believers, the righteous and the pious, affliction acts as a trial to test their patience and whether or not they would face such affliction from Allah, with concession and satisfaction towards Allah’s fate and predestination. If so, they will be rewarded with an ample reward in this life and in the Hereafter.
 Allah, Exalted be He, created people and He is the All-Knower , He knows what is best for them. That’s why people should not meet Allah’s fate with objection as Allah has comprehensive knowledge; he knows what happens and what will happen, He is the All-Knower, the Just, the Merciful, the Forgiver. Putting in mind that human beings’ knowledge is so restricted ,  people might consider that enjoying good health, a sound body, being secure , having abundance of provisions are unquestionable and taken  for granted . Hence , they should consider afflictions, deformation, diseases , wars, starvation and others of the like, matters that sound the alarming bells from time to time  to remind man that worldly life is too short no matter how long man lives and that the Hereafter is the eternal abode.
Actually, people get benefits from such afflictions; as people whom Allah has favored with healthy bodies and protected against affliction would feel grateful towards Allah and sympathetic towards the disabled. They would spare no effort to keep the rights of the afflicted ones, take the initiatives to give the disabled a helping hand and console them. So Allah tries survivors of a certain affliction “Who is the best as regarding his deeds” and tries the afflicted persons “Who is the best as regarding holding patient towards affliction.”

Secondly: Some of the Duties of People with Special Needs
(A)                       To feel satisfaction towards Allah’s fate and predestination, hold patience and praise Allah for the affliction. Unless the afflicted person submits to Allah’s will and consents to such fate, his faith will not be complete. The Qur’an holds patience in high esteem and even linked it with believing with certainty. Allah, the Almighty says: “And We made from among them (Children of Israel), leaders, giving guidance under Our Command, when they were patient and used to believe with certainty in Our Ayât (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.).” (Surat  As_Sajda (The Prostration):24)  
Also Satisfaction is linked with being grateful to Allah, Lord of the Worlds:
1-    “And indeed We sent Mûsâ (Moses) with Our Ayât (signs, proofs, and evidence) (saying): "Bring out your people from darkness into light, and remind them of the Annals of Allâh. Truly, therein are Ayât (evidence, proofs and signs) for every patient, thankful (person)." (Surat Ibrâhîm (Abraham):5)
2-     “See they not what is before them and what is behind them, of the heaven and the earth? If We will, We shall sink the earth with them, or cause a piece of the heaven to fall upon them. Verily, in this is a sign for every slave who turns to Allâh in repentance (i.e. the one who believes in the Oneness of Allâh and performs deeds of His obedience and always begs His Pardon)." ( Surat Saba' (Sheba) : 9)  
3-     “See you not that the ships sail through the sea by Allâh’s Grace that He may show you of His Signs? Verily, in this are signs for every patient, grateful (person)." (Surat Luqman (Luqmân): 31)
4-     “If He wills, He causes the wind to cease, then they would become motionless on the back (of the sea). Verily, in this are signs for everyone patient and grateful.” (Surat Ash-Shura (The Consultation):33)
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) says:  “Amazing is the state of a believer, it is always good. If he is favored by Allah’s bounty he praises Allah so it is good for him and if he a calamity befalls him, he keeps patient and it is good for him.”  (Narrated by Imam Muslim)
(B)                        Submission to Allah: What helps the Muslim endure the affliction is the belief that he is a servant to a Great Creator Who has described Himself as (the Most Merciful of all), and that the fate predestined by the Great Creator will unquestionably take place. He should be sure that such predestination is determined according to a certain wisdom that the servant might or might not perceive. So the best way to face an affliction is to keep patient, accept Allah’s fate, show great concession and full submission to Allah's will. Allah, the Almighty, says:  “No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz) before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allâh. In order that you may not grieve at the things that you fail to get, nor rejoice over that which has been given to you. And Allâh likes not prideful boasters.” (Surat Al Hadid (The Iron):22-23)  
As we have said before, if the disabled believes in worshipping Allah in full devotion and that the fate predestined by Allah will certainly take place either one meets it with submission or wrath, it will be better to accept such fate.  Full submission to Allah entails satisfaction with His fate. Such satisfaction and acceptance of what Allah brings help one endure the calamity and hold patience. While dissatisfaction and wrath will never remove the calamity but deprives the believer from the rewards of Allah, causes psychological disorders, pessimism, fear and pain. Thus, accepting Allah’s fate is the best for the believer.
As for showing dissatisfaction towards Allah’s fate, meeting the calamity with sadness, be desperate that one will not receive mercy of Allah, is not wise at all and prevents one from enduring the calamity befalling him.
Thus, one should seek Allah's help, take the Prophets and Messengers and righteous people as example as regarding enduring afflictions and trials.   (Explanation: as people most prone to trials with afflictions are the prophets and then the most pious and then the next in piety and so on. A man is tried according to the strength of his belief. If his belief is firm, his trial will be harder, and if his belief is weak, he is tried accordingly. A servant of Allah will go on being tried with afflictions until he walks on earth free of sins.) 
Allah says:
1-    “And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sâbirûn (the patient).” (Surat  Al Baqarah (The Cow): 155)
2-    “You shall certainly be tried and tested in your wealth and properties and in your personal selves, and you shall certainly hear much that will grieve you from those who received the Scripture before you (Jews and Christians) and from those who ascribe partners to Allâh; but if you persevere patiently, and become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious) then verily, that will be a determining factor in all affairs (and that is from the great matters which you must hold on with all your efforts). (Surat Âl-'Imrân (The Family of Imran): 186)
3-     “They said: They said: "Are you indeed Yûsuf (Joseph)?" He said: "I am Yûsuf (Joseph), and this is my brother (Benjamin). Allâh has indeed been gracious to us. Verily, he who fears Allâh with obedience to Him (by abstaining from sins and evil deeds, and by performing righteous good deeds), and is patient, then surely, Allâh makes not the reward of the Muhsinûn (good-doers) to be lost." (Surat Yusuf (Joseph):90)   
4-     “And those who remain patient, seeking their Lord’s Countenance, perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), and spend out of that which We have bestowed on them, secretly and openly, and defend evil with good, for such there is a good end. Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens), which they shall enter and (also) those who acted righteously from among their fathers, and their wives, and their offspring. And angels shall enter unto them from every gate (saying): "Salâmun ‘Alaikum (peace be upon you) for you persevered in patience! Excellent indeed is the final home!" (Surat Ar-Ra'd (The Thunder): 22-24)
5-     “Whatever is with you, will be exhausted, and whatever is with Allâh (of good deeds) will remain. And those who are patient, We will certainly pay them a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do.” (Surat An-Nahl (The Bees): 96)
6-     “Verily I have rewarded them this Day for their patience: they are indeed the ones that are successful.” (Surat Al-Mu’minun (The Believers): 111 )
7-     “Those will be rewarded with the highest place (in Paradise) because of their patience. Therein they shall be met with greetings and the word of peace and respect. Abiding therein - excellent it is as an abode, and as a place to rest in. ” (Surat Al- Furqan (The Criterion): 75-76)
8-     “These will be given their reward twice over, because they are patient, and repel evil with good, and spend (in charity) out of what We have provided them.” (Surat Al –Qasas (The Narration): 54)
* A double reward
9-    “Those who are patient, and put their trust (only) in their Lord (Allâh).”(Surat Al-'Ankabût (The Spider):59)
10-                        “But none is granted it (the above quality) except those who are patient - and none is granted it except the owner of the great portion (of happiness in the Hereafter i.e. Paradise and of a high moral character) in this world.”(Surat Fussilat (They are explained in detail) : 35)
11-                       “And their recompense shall be Paradise, and silken garments, because they were patient.” (Surat Al-Insân (Man):12)
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) used to invoke Allah saying:  “O Allah, apportion to us such fear as should serve as a barrier between us and acts of disobedience; and such obedience as will take us to Your Paradise; and believe with certainity as will make easy for us to bear in the calamities of this world… (Narrated by At-Termizi, Nessaaii and Al Hakam)
On the authority of Um Salama, the wife of Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him)  who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) saying : Whoever is afflicted by a calamity befalling him and says : O Allah help me in such calamity and recompense me with something better , Allah will help him and recompense him with something much better . She said so when Abu Salama (her ex-husband) died I said as the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) ordered me and Allah recompensed me with someone better; Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) (her husband.”) (narrated by Imam Muslim)  
(C)                 Seeking Allah's help and protection:
Seeking Allah's help and feeling that Allah is the Creator, the Sole Protector, the Most Disposal of affairs, helps the afflicted person hold patience and endure the calamity befalling him. Once the disabled regarded himself to be under the protection and care of Allah the Most Merciful , the Most Gracious, he feels satisfied , calm and serene and realizes that whoever is under Allah’s protection, will never be let down. He will be certain that Allah will recompense him in this World and in the Hereafter As Allah promised the pious, who keep patient as regarding calamities befalling them and seek Allah’s recompense, an ample reward. Allah says: “Say (O Muhammad (pbuh): “O My slaves who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh—Islamic Monotheism), be afraid your Lord (Allâh) and keep your duty to Him. Good is (the reward) for those who do good in this word, and Allâh’s earth is spacious (so if you cannot worship Allâh at a place, then go to another)! Only those who are patient shall receive their reward in full, without reckoning.” (Surat Az-Zumar (The Groups): 10)
That's the ample reward awaiting those who keep patient. So those afflicted should meet Allah’s calamity with acceptance and full submission to His will, putting in mind that such calamity befalling them has a certain wisdom that only Allah knows and that the ample reward awaiting them in the Hereafter is infinite.
As the Eternal life of Hereafter is incomparable to the worldly life which is too short, thus any pain can be endured as long as the reward is so great ; entering Paradise, living an eternal life and being saved against Hell-Fire. Allah, Exalted be He, says: “And purchase not a small gain at the cost of Allah’s Covenant. Verily! What is with Allâh is better for you if you did but know. Whatever is with you, will be exhausted, and whatever is with Allâh ( of god deeds) will remain. And those who are patient, We will certainly pay them a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do.” (Surat An-Nahl (The Bees): 95-96)
To conclude, enjoying good health , having a healthy family, enjoying wealth, power and other forms of worldly pleasures are only temporarily matters, that which Allah bestows upon His servants according to His will, at the time He wills and in  due proportions. This is done for a certain wisdom that only He, the Almighty knows. Believing in fate and predestination, helps the one afflicted, endure his pain regardless of how great the calamity is. The afflicted person should try to keep patient and seek Allah's ample reward in the Hereafter. Let’s see what Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) says in this regard: “Allah is the One who gives and He is the One who takes and all is preordained.” (Narrated by Al Bukhari)
 Thus, everything belongs to Allah, Exalted be He, people, their families, wealth and children…etc, all belong to Allah and they are just temporarily trusts kept with man , and Allah can take at any time according to His own will. May Allah have mercy on Lubayed, the poet who said:
            Wealth, relatives are nothing but trusts
   And there must come a day, when we return the trusts
    Hence, man can easily realize the reality of his existence, he is a servant to a Creator who had fashioned him to be vicegerent on earth for a temporarily period (as life is too short). He is asked to worship Allah, the Almighty in full devotion while applying religion and establishing justice on earth.  He should be prepared that he might lose -at any time- such things he had been entrusted with by His Lord; either by affliction, or death. So if the servant of Allah is afflicted with a certain disease, or has small provisions, he should remember the invocation of Prophet   Abraham (pbuh) as mentioned in the Qur'an:"Who has created me, and it is He Who guides me. And it is He Who feeds me and gives me to drink. And When I am ill,it is He who cures me. And Who will cause me to die, and then will bring me to life (again). And Who, I hope, will forgive me my faults on the Day of Recompense, (the Day of Resurrection).” (SuratAsh-Shu'arâ (The Poets): 78-82)               
Let's ponder on the following saying: Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) says: “Allah, Exalted be He has not created a disease without creating a treatment for it, he taught such treatment to some while withheld it from others.” (Mentioned in Al Mustadrak, Sahih Al Gamea) 
 If someone is afflicted with a certain disease, loses a certain organ, or some of the senses, he should remember some of Prophet Muhammad's Sayings:
1.     “No Muslim is afflicted with a disease or any other affliction but Allah wipes off his sins like the leaves of a tree falling out.” (narrated by Al Bukhari)
2.      “No servant of Allah is afflicted with fits of epilepsy but Allah purifies him from sins.” ( narrated by Muslim and Ibn Haban)
3.      “ Nothing that afflicts the Muslim of exhaustion, pain, illness,   distress, sadness even the throne stinging him but Allah frees him from sins.” ( narrated by Al Bukhari and Ahmed)
4.      “Whoever Allah loves, He afflicts.” (narrated by Al Bukhari and Ahmed)       
5.     “When Allah loves some people, He afflicts them.” (  narrated by At-Termizi and Yaali )
6.      “A man might have a high position according to what Allah predestines for him, yet his good deeds are not enough to make him attain it, so Allah keeps afflicting him till the man attains such high position.” ( mentioned in Sahih Ibn Haban)
7.      “   No pain afflicts the believer but frees him from a sin, adds to him a good deed and raises him a degree.” ( Al Mustadrak alaa Al Sahihayn:  Book contains authentic Prophetic Sayings)
8.      “Great calamities are accompanied by great rewards from Allah, Exalted be He, who when He loves someone, He afflicts him. So whoever accepts such affliction, Allah will be content with him and whoever meets such affliction with wrath, Allah’s wrath will be on him.” ( narrated by Ibn Maja) 
 “ People who were made healthy in the worldly life would wish their skins had been cut off by scissors, on seeing the great reward the afflicted persons do get on the Day of Judgment.” (narrated by Al Bayhaqi).

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