“… but their description in the Injeel (Gospel) is like a(sown) seed which sends forth its shoots, then makes it strong, and becomes thick and it stands straight on its stem, …”
Al-Fateh (The Victory): 29)
By: Dr. / Zaghloul El-Naggar
This ayah is the last ayah of
Al-Fateh which was revealed in Madinah. It is called Al-Fateh as it begins with a reference to the great victory that Allah (SWT) made possible for the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in the signing of the Treaty of Hodaybia. Many of the Muslims present at the time felt that this treaty was a concession to the disbelievers in Makkah. Omar Ibnul-Khattab (RA) said to the Prophet (PBUH), “Aren’t you the Messenger of Allah?” He said: “Yes!” He said, “Aren’t we Muslims?” He said, “Yes!” He said, “Aren’t they infidels?” He said, "Yes!” Then Omar asked, “Then why is our religion humiliated?” The Prophet (PBUH) answered him, “I am Allah’s servant and His Messenger, I will not disobey His command, and He will not lead me astray.” When this Surat was revealed, starting with the words, “Verily, We have given you (O Muhammad) a manifest victory”, one of the companions of the Prophet (PBUH) asked, “O, Messenger of Allah, is it a victory?” The Prophet (PBUH) answered, “Yes! By the One in whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, it is a victory.”
The Treaty of Hodaybia provided the Muslims with an opportunity to meet many Arab tribes, to invite them to Islam and to explain the virtues of this faith which was to be the last divine religions calling people to belief in the Oneness of Allah (tawhid). The treaty also exposed the fanaticism of the efforts of the Quraysh in preventing the Prophet (PBUH) and the early Muslims from entering the shrine of the Ka’ba (Al-haram) for six years, from when the Prophet (PBUH) migrated to Madinah until the day of Hodaybia. They forbade them from entering Makkah out of prejudice which was in contradiction to the traditions of the time. They forbade them from visiting Makkah during the sacred months that the Arabs respected and glorified even during the pre-Islamic period (Al-jahiliyya). This event allowed the inhabitants of the
Arabian Peninsula to witness the tolerant nature of Islam, the nobility of the Muslims and the blind stubbornness of the disbelievers.
In 6 AH (after Hijra), the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) had a vision that he was entering the Ka’ba with a group of Muslims, some of whom had shaven heads and others had their hair cut short; they were not afraid. The visions of Prophets are true. In Dhul-Qa’dah of the same year, he set out for Makkah with the intention of performing the minor pilgrimage (Umrah) and without the intention of fighting the disbelievers. He was accompanied by 1400 immigrants from Makkah (Al-Muhajireen) and the residents of Madinah (Al-Ansar). He also encouraged the tribes around Madinah to go with him. When he arrived at a place known as Thaniyat Al-Mirar, the Prophet’s camel knelt down and would not move. The people said, “The camel won’t move (i.e. she is being stubborn)”. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “She has never been stubborn. This is not her nature; she has been held back by He who held back the elephants from Makkah. Today I shall accept whatever plan the Quraysh propose to me asking me to tighten my ties of kinship”. Bukhari reports that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “By the One in whose hands are my soul, I shall accept their offer of any plan that glorifies the sanctity of Allah.” The Prophet (PBUH) and his Companions then proceeded until they reached Al-Hodaybia. There, Quraysh refused to allow them to enter Makkah. The Prophet (PBUH) sent Othman Ibn-Affan (RA) to them with a message that he did not intend to fight and had only come to perform the Umrah. Quraysh held Othman captive after he gave them the Prophet’s message. The leaders of the Quraysh told him that he could make tawaf (circumambulate the Ka’ba) if he wished to but he said, “I will not do so until the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) does.”
A rumor spread that Othman Ibn-Affan (RA) had been killed. The Prophet (PBUH) said: “We will not leave without fighting the people.” He then called on them to make a pledge to him under a tree; this pledge became known as Bay’at Ar-Radwan (Pledge of consent). Later, they learned that the rumor about Othman’s murder was unfounded so the Muslims agreed to cease hostilities with the Makkans and set down the conditions of a settlement with them that became known as the Treaty of Hodaybia. The Prophet (PBUH) had to forego some of his rights to protect the Muslims but he knew that Allah would create a victory for the Muslims out of this settlement. The treaty allowed any Arab tribe to choose to enter a peaceful alliance either with the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) or with Quraysh. The Khuza’ah tribe chose to make an alliance with the Prophet (PBUH) and the Bakr tribe entered into one with Quraysh. The Muslims respected and abided by all of the conditions of the Treaty of Hodaybia but Quraysh broke the rules when they decided to help their ally, the Bakr tribe, against the Khuza’ah tribe, who were allied to the Prophet (PBUH). This action led to the decision of the Prophet (PBUH) to conquer Makkah.
Between 8 - 10 Ramadan in 8AH, a Muslim army of 10,000 fighters left Madinah for Makkah. In honor of the sanctity of Makkah, the Prophet (PBUH) ordered his army not to kill anyone unless they were forced to. The Prophet (PBUH) entered Makkah bearing a white flag, wearing a black turban, riding his camel “Al-Qaswaa” and reading Surat Al-Fateh. He lowered his head in humility to Allah (SWT) as Allah had allowed him to conquer Umm al-Qura (the mother of all cities), Makkah, the town in which he first received the revelation and the home of the Sacred House. The Muslims entered Makkah with him in peace and tranquility - fearlessly - just like the Prophet (PBUH) had seen in his dream.
The Muslims then removed all the idols from the Ka’ba and performed tawaf while the Messenger of Allah recited, “There is no God worthy of worship except Allah, alone, who has no partner. He had fulfilled His promise and granted victory to His servant, dignified His soldiers, and defeated the allies Himself”. He then recited the following ayah *[“O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allâh is that (believer) who has At-Taqwâ [i.e. he is one of the Muttaqûn (the pious)]. Verily, Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Aware”
Al-Hujurat (The Dwellings):13).
Al-Fateh was revealed in 6 AH straight after the Treaty of Hodaybia while the Prophet of Allah (PBUH) was returning to Madinah with his companions. This Surah includes details of this settlement. It is reported that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Yesterday, a Surah was revealed to me that is better than this life and everything in it: “Verily, We have given you (O Muhammad) a manifest victory.”(This has been related by Bukhari, Nasai’, and Tirmidhi.)
Surat Al-Fateh starts with an address to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) reassuring him that the path Allah guided him to is the correct path and that the promise of Allah will become reality in a very short time. Concerning these issues, Allah (SWT) says at the beginning of the
*"Verily, We have given you (O Muhammad) a manifest victory. That Allâh may forgive you your sins of the past and the future, and complete His Favor on you, and guide you on the Straight Path.And that Allâh may help you with strong help."* ( Surat Al-Fateh (The Victory): 1-3) the ayahs stress the fact that Allah (SWT) is He who put peace and tranquility into the hearts of the believers so that they may grow in faith, for faith increases and decreases. Allah (SWT) then gave glad tidings to the believers of His forgiveness and reward and His help in the form of His soldiers (He has soldiers in the heavens and the earth; no one knows the soldiers of your lord except Him). The ayahs mention Allah’s attributes of being the All-Knower, the All-Wise, the All- Powerful, the Mighty and the Forbearing. The ayahs then describe the rewards that await the believing men and women, and the punishment that Allah has prepared for the hypocrites (men and women) and the polytheists (men and women) who worship others with Allah.
The Surat addresses the Prophet (PBUH) once more in ayah, *"Verily, We have sent you (O Muhammad) as a witness, as a bearer of glad tidings, and as a warner"* (Surat Al-Fateh (The Victory): 8), meaning that he is a witness for his Ummah (nation) and for all creation, a bearer of glad tidings for the believers and a warning for the disbelievers and the hypocrites. The ayahs then address the believers in what can be translated as, *“In order that you (O mankind) may believe in Allâh and His Messenger, and that you assist and honor him (PBUH), and (that you) glorify (Allâh's) praises morning and afternoon. “*
( Surat Al-Fateh (The Victory): 9)
The address then rapidly switches again to the Prophet (PBUH), praising the Bay'at Ar-Ridwan (pledge of consent), and gives glad tidings of Allah’s reward for those who fulfill it and warns those who breaks their pledge as it is a covenant with Allah (SWT). The ayah can be translated as, *“Verily, those who give Bai‘ah (pledge) to you (O Muhammad (PBUH)) they are giving Bai‘ah (pledge) to Allâh. The Hand of Allâh is over their hands. Then whosoever breaks his pledge, breaks it only to his own harm; and whosoever fulfils what he has covenanted with Allâh, He will bestow on him a great reward.” *
Al-Fateh (The Victory): 10).
The ayahs of Surat Al-Fateh turn to the Bedouin hypocrites who refused to accompany the Prophet (PBUH) and made up excuses and lies because they thought he would not be victorious. However, they asked him to ask forgiveness for them and they wanted to share in the spoils he brought back. Allah is well aware of their actions and he had prepared Hell fire for the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Allah says *“And to Allâh belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. He forgives whom He wills, and punishes whom He wills. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”*
Al-Fateh (The Victory): 14).
The ayahs of Surat Al-Fateh address those who stayed behind informing them that they would be called to jihad again and if they stay behind once more, they would be punished severely. The ayah can be translated as, *“Say (O Muhammad (PBUH)) to the bedouins who lagged behind: "You shall be called to fight against a people given to great warfare, then you shall fight them, or they shall surrender. Then if you obey, Allah will give you a fair reward; but if you turn away as you did turn away before, He will punish you with a painful torment"*
Al-Fateh (The Victory): 16).
The ayahs then discuss the case of the people who are excused from taking part in jihad, for example the blind, the lame and the sick, saying *“No blame or sin is there upon the blind, nor is there blame or sin upon the lame, nor is there blame or sin upon the sick (that they go not for fighting). And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH)), He will admit him to Gardens beneath which rivers flow (
Paradise); and whosoever turns back, He will punish him with a painful torment.” *
( Al-Fateh (The Victory): 17).
The ayahs then praised the believers who participated in the Bay’at of Ar-Radwan(pledge of consent), emphasizing that Allah (SWT) is pleased with them; He sent down calmness and tranquility on their hearts, He defended them and strengthened them. Allah has given them glad tidings of the rapid conquest of Makkah and of the abundant rewards they will obtain because He is the Ever All-Mighty and All-Wise; part of this reward is that He prevented the disbelievers from fighting them. He made this a sign for them and guided them to the straight path, for He is able to do all things.
The ayahs emphasize that if the disbelievers had fought the believers, they would not find any protectors. This is one of the laws that Allah decreed on previous nations; divine laws cannot be replaced or changed without Allah’s permission. The glad tidings Allah gives to the believers in Surat Al-Fateh became a reality when the Muslims entered Makkah without bloodshed, making Islam sovereign in the
Arabian Peninsula and supreme over all other religions. This is an honor that Allah (SWT) bestowed on the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and the Muslims. Allah is all-aware of the deeds of His servants; He knows what lie in their hearts and what their intentions are. Allah punished Quraysh who had refused to allow the believers to enter the Sacred Mosque two years earlier, on the day of Hodaybia. Allah says about this *“They are the ones who disbelieved (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and hindered you from Al-Masjid-al-Harâm (at Makkah) and detained the sacrificial animals from reaching their place of sacrifice. Had there not been believing men and believing women whom you did not know, that you may kill them and on whose account a sin would have been committed by you without (your) knowledge, that Allah might bring into His Mercy whom He wills - if they (the believers and the disbelievers) had been apart, We verily would have punished those of them who disbelieved with painful torment. When those who disbelieve had put in their hearts pride and haughtiness - the pride and haughtiness of the time of ignorance, - then Allah sent down His Sakînah (calmness and tranquility) upon His Messenger (PBUH) and upon the believers, and made them stick to the word of piety (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but Allah); and they were well entitled to it and worthy of it. And Allah is the All-Knower of everything.”*
( Al-Fateh (The Victory): 25, 26).
The ayahs discuss the pride and haughtiness of the jahiliyya that caused Quraysh not to allow the Prophet (PBUH) and the believers to enter Makkah to performUmrah. The believers were very angry with this action, but Allah (SWT) sent down tranquility upon his Messenger (PBUH) and the believers and made them hold true to their belief. And Allah has made the dream of His Prophet (PBUH) become a reality. He says what can be translated as, “Indeed Allâh shall fulfill the true vision which He showed to His Messenger (PBUH) [i.e. the Prophet saw a dream that he has entered Makkah along with his Companions, having their (head) hair shaved and cut short] in very truth. Certainly, you shall enter Al-Masjid-al-Harâm, if Allâh wills, secure, (some) having your heads shaved, and (some) having your head hair cut short, having no fear. He knew what you knew not, and He granted besides that a near victory.”
Al-Fateh (The Victory): 27).
The Surah ends with confirmation of the Prophethood and the message given to Muhammad (PBUH), which disbelievers throughout history denied. Allah says *“He it is Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH)) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islam), that He may make it (Islam) superior to all religions. And All-Sufficient is Allah as a Witness.”*
Al-Fateh (The Victory): 28).
In addition to this, Allah confirms through His divine witness that it is He who revealed the description of the seal of His Prophets (PBUH), and the description of the believers with him in the previously revealed books such as Torah and Gospel saying *“Muhammad (PBUH) is the Messenger of Allah. And those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and falling down prostrate (in prayer), seeking Bounty from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. The mark of them (i.e. of their Faith) is on their faces (foreheads) from the traces of prostration (during prayers). This is their description in the Taurât (Torah). But their description in the Injeel (Gospel) is like a (sown) seed which sends forth its shoot, then makes it strong, and becomes thick and it stands straight on its stem, delighting the sowers, that He may enrage the disbelievers with them. Allah has promised those among them who believe (i.e. all those who follow Islamic Monotheism, the religion of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) till the Day of Resurrection) and do righteous good deeds, forgiveness and a mighty reward (i.e.
( Al-Fateh (The Victory): 29).
:Signs of creation in
The main theme of Surat Al-Fateh is the Treaty of Hodaybia; the event is explained in detail with the lessons Muslims of all ages need to draw from it. In spite of this focus, this Surah includes a number of facts about life and the universe which can be listed as follows:
1) “And to Allâh belong the hosts of the heavens and the earth”. This point is mentioned twice in Surat Al-Fateh, in the fourth and seventh ayahs. Among the “hosts” of the heavens and the earth are angels and the righteous among the humans and the jinn. Also the different universal phenomena such as; the movement of the earth and celestial bodies, shooting stars and meteors, the succession of night and day, the seasons, thunder and lighting, wind, clouds, rain, the flow and stores of water, earthquakes, volcanoes, storms and tornadoes on earth and in the sea, among others. All of these natural phenomena are from among the hosts of Allah. Although scientists understand the mechanics of these occurrences, it does not change the fact that Allah (SWT) uses them to punish sinners, test the righteous and to serve as an example for those who were saved.
2) “And to Allâh belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth.” This fact is mentioned in the fourteenth ayah of Surat Al-Fateh, and many other ayahs. It is not possible for a rational person to conceive of the universe as existing without a Creator, Owner or Proprietor who has power, knowledge and wisdom. The material world cannot exist of itself or through mere coincidence because it is subject to many laws that cannot be replaced or changed; coincidence is far too limited to achieve this. There must, therefore, be a great Creator for this universe who has no partner in His Dominion, no rival to his kingdom or similitude from his creation.
3) The divine laws of Allah in the universe are not replaced, exchanged or changed without the permission of Allah (SWT). Surat Al-Fateh refers to this fact in ayah 23, “…And you will not find any change in the Way of Allâh.”
Al-Fateh (The Victory): 23) Surat
4) Reference to some of the characteristics of the last Messenger, Muhammad (PBUH) and reference to the characteristics of those who believed with him in the Torah and Gospel.
5) Allah compares the growth in the number of Muslims from the small number who followed the Prophet (PBUH) when he first started calling to Islam in their gradual increase to a plant reproduction method using the sprouts that grow in the part between the root and the stem. This method of reproduction was discovered only recently, but this ayah using it as a symbol was revealed over fourteen hundreds years ago in the Qur'an. The fact that this book was revealed to an illiterate Prophet whose people who were mostly illiterate people dwelling in the desert has many interpretations for people who have intelligence and vision.
Each of the issues raised require special attention, thus I will limit the discussion only to the last point, which is the plant reproduction by the abovementioned method. Before I begin, let us have a quick look at some scholar’s interpretations of this ayah.
The ayah that can be translated as, *“Muhammad (PBUH) is the Messenger of Allah. And those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and falling down prostrate (in prayer), seeking Bounty from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. The mark of them (i.e. of their Faith) is on their faces (foreheads) from the traces of prostration (during prayers). This is their description in the Taurât (Torah). But their description in the Injeel (Gospel) is like a (sown) seed which sends forth its shoot, then makes it strong, and becomes thick and it stands straight on its stem, delighting the sowers, that He may enrage the disbelievers with them. Allah has promised those among them who believe (i.e. all those who follow Islamic Monotheism, the religion of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) till the Day of Resurrection) and do righteous good deeds, forgiveness and a mighty reward (i.e.
Al-Fateh (The Victory): 29). Surat
Ibn-Kathir said, “This nation (the Muslims) has been honored in the earlier Books; the most honored and greatest are the companions of the Prophet (PBUH). Allah has mentioned this in the earlier Books which is why Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, (This is their description in the Taurât) and He says what can be translated as, (But their description in the Injeel (Gospel) is like a (sown) seed which sends forth its shoot, then makes it strong, and becomes thick and it stands straight on its stem, delighting the sowers.) This is how the companions of the Prophet (PBUH) were: they helped him, assisted him, and made him victorious. They were with him like the sprouts to the plant (that He may anger the disbelievers with them).
Other commentaries on the Qur’an provide similar descriptions, thus there is no need to list them.
The ayah that we are examining states that the example of the Prophet (PBUH) and his companions was mentioned in the Injil (Bible), revealed to the Prophet Isa (AS), was an early announcement of the mission of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), seal of the Prophets: “… like a (sown) seed which sends forth its sprouts, then makes it strong, and becomes thick and it stands straight on its stem …” We use the Arabic word “Shata’a” shoot for a plant when it develops extra stems from the nodes at the base of the stem that resemble it completely, whereas the branches are different from the stem and sprout out from any part of it.
“Then it supports” means that the original plant supplies the new shoot with the necessary nutrients, then it becomes more strong and reinforcing the mother plant at its base. In saying “supporting”, it means strengthening it from the bottom. It has been scientifically proven that when the new sprout formed from the primary mother plant, it is completely dependent on it for nutrition until it develops three green leaves and four or five roots, making it able to become self-dependent.
“Then it becomes thick” means that it changes from being fine to becoming thick strengthening the walls of its cells by secreting large amounts of cellulose and lignin forming of a number of nodes covered with leaf sheaths.
“And it stands straight on its stems” meaning it is standing straight on its roots. “Stems” is the plural of “stem” and this stage – the stage of standing straight on its stems- follows the stage of becoming thick where the cells start dividing to lengthen the area between each node and the one next to it known as the “Internodes”. The internodes push one another until growth is complete, and the stem stands straight on the stalk when the stalk reaches the final stage of its development.
As for palm tillers, there are two types: The first type grows at a certain height from the trunk of the palm tree and does not have roots; it is known by as the Stolon. The second kind grows at the bottom of the palm tree and has its own roots. It can be removed from the palm tree to be used to propagate the tree by planting it elsewhere.
The ayah we are examining refers to a botanical fact that was recently discovered, that is the reproduction in some plants by the method of sprouting which refers to the sprouts that grow at the part between the root and the stem. This method is used in some cash crops such as wheat, barley, rice, sorghum, sugar cane, and others from the gramineae family. They are distinguished by; tape-like leaves, slim longitudinal stems which consist of connected internodes, complex flowers that blossom then take the form of spikes later. They also have fibrous roots with rhizome nodes and they mostly reproduce by sprouting, which increases their caryopsis. The “family Gramineae” which is the grass family, is one of the largest in the whole plant kingdom (comprising over 450 genera out of the plant genera and contain more than 7000 species). Each of these species represents billions of members and so the members of this family have spread over the earth covering huge areas, greater than the area covered by any other plant families. The gramineae family contains annual and perennial spreading grasses that often have slim internodal stems as in the case of Bermuda grass. Allah (SWT) made it able to reproduce through sprouting so its stem would strengthen in the face of the wind, straighten and increase its caryopsis yield.
Sprouting is basically the sprouts that grow in the area between the root and the stem, even in the case of wheat whose roots are made of a basic group growing from the germinated seed and an un-basic group that grows from the side sprouts. The stem is also divided into two; the main stem sprouting from the plumule which comes out of the germinated seed after its full growth and various horizontal stalks sprouting from the base of the stem (in the form of horizontal straws that grow from the axial sprouts which exist on the base nodes and grow up on the base of the main stem). That is the reason why plants that reproduce by the method of shooting undergo stages of; germination, seeding, shooting, blossoming then producing caryopsis. In turn, caryopsis multiply through sprouting that could reach 30 in one plant. That’s how a group of stems can sprout from one single seed surrounding the main stem, making a complex collection of stems connected with each other and feeding from the fibrous root that in turn grew from one single seed of wheat. All from the same origin and all from the same seedling and the same root. The sprouts would grow till they reach the length of the original stem and they produce spikes just like them. So each sprout would have its own wheat spike just like the main stem. The wheat spike is a compound one (it carries other spikelets inside it). All are arranged in two rows till they reach the end spikelet. Each spikelet carries 2 to 3 wheat grains, whereas the spike carries 15 to 20 wheat grains. When the sprout multiply the original stem of the plant is surrounded by a number of secondary stems (sprouting), that grow in the form of a bundle increasing the circumference of the main plant, enabling it to stand upright over its own roots to face the wind. It also prevents any weeds from growing next to it. On the other hand, tillers (like the palm tillers) would weaken the mother plant and reduce the amount of nutrients sap reaching it, especially those which reach high near the trunk. They also act as perfect hosts for pests and insects.
The reader of the Holy Qur’an will be surprised by the precise choice of the word shoot in the ayah that we are examining because shoots are completely different from palm tillers and from other offspring of plants. The new parts of the plant that developed from sprouting are not removed from the primary plant, but the tillers and other offspring are removed from their origins as in the case with the date palm trees. Botany researches have proved that sprouting prevents the mother plant from being dormant (which usually happens during the formation of the spikes).
The ayah describes the strong tie between the seal of the Prophets (PBUH) and his companions, which was demonstrated in their love, care, and mercy for one another at a degree that is not comparable to any relations among people or groups. The ayah uses the term “shooting” around the origin and strengthening one another. All the parts receive their nutrition from one source. The ayah did not choose palm tillers as an example since its role is completely different.
While the sprouts receive their nutrients with the original stem from the same root system, and never separate from it (otherwise they would die) the tillers that grow from the base of the palm tree separate from its origin by forming other side horizontal roots that become its main source of nutrition for the palm tiller. This allows it to be independent from its origin, and can be moved to another place where it starts a new life that is completely independent from the origin that produced it. Allah gave the likeness of the Prophet (PBUH) when he was sent with the Message, and took on the responsibility of Allah’s religion by himself to the example of a blessed plant and talking about his companions. He also gave the likeness of the companions of the Prophet (PBUH) - their gathering around him, their love for him, their sincerity, their loyalty to his blessed personality - to the growing sprouts around a blessed plant. It was not proper to use the example of tillers that quickly separate from its origin in their case. The companions of the Prophet (PBUH) were very attached and close to him. They were connected to him all through his life, and even after his death. Every one of the blessed companions and every Muslim would wish and pray that Allah allows him to live according to the Sunnah of the seal of the Prophet (PBUH), and die on his creed, to be resurrected among his companions, and united with him in the highest place in paradise, Allah willing. The best proof to this is the description of Urwa Ibn-Masoud al-Thaqafi, before embracing Islam, of the love of the companions to the Prophet (PBUH) when he came to him as a representative from Quraysh on the day of Hodaybia. He returned, and told them: “O people of Quraysh, I have visited Chosroes in his kingdom, Caesar in his kingdom, and Negus in his kingdom. But by Allah, I have not seen a king in his kingdom like Muhammad among his companions. They will never leave him in any case, so make up your minds.”
The plant that sends forth its shoots, then makes it strong, and becomes thick and it stands straight on its stem is an example to the companions toward the Prophet (PBUH): their gathering, love, loyalty, allegiance, sacrifice, and production from the same source. This precise example is an assertion that the Holy Qur’an cannot be man made because no human knew the difference between the sprout, the branch and the tiller from fourteen centuries, or not even one century ago. And this is a witness of the Prophethood and the message of the seal of the Prophet (PBUH) who received it. So the Prayer and Peace of Allah be on the Prophet, his family, his companions, and whoever follows his call until the Day of Judgment. Our last prayer
is, ‘praise be to the Lord of the worlds’.